Dental instruments are tools that dental professionals use to provide dental treatment. They are classified by function, such as handling, examination, restoration and extraction applications. Whether a patient is nervous about visiting the dentist or is simply curious about dental procedures, it can be useful to know the types of tools that general dentists use. The most common tools used by dentists include dental mirrors, probes, scalers, forceps, and excavators. Dental mirrors are used to examine the teeth and gums, while probes are used to measure the depth of cavities.
Scalers are used to remove plaque and tartar from the teeth, while forceps are used to hold and manipulate objects in the mouth. Excavators are used to remove decay from the teeth. In addition to these basic tools, dentists may also use specialized tools for specific procedures. For example, a dental drill is used to remove decay from the teeth and prepare them for fillings. An endodontic file is used to clean out the root canals of teeth.
A periodontal probe is used to measure the depth of periodontal pockets in the gums. Specialists in the field of dentistry may also use additional tools that are not typically used by general dentists. For example, an orthodontist may use a special tool called an archwire to straighten teeth. An oral surgeon may use a tool called an osteotome to cut bone during a surgical procedure. A prosthodontist may use a tool called a wax knife to shape wax for making dentures. No matter what type of dental procedure is being performed, it is important for patients to understand the types of tools that will be used.
Knowing what tools will be used can help patients feel more comfortable with their visit to the dentist.