Dental specialties are recognized by the National Commission for the Recognition of Dental Specialties and Certification Boards (NCRDSCB) to protect the public, promote the art and science of dentistry, and improve the quality of care. These specialties include endodontics, orthodontics, periodontics, prosthodontics, pediatric dentistry and more. A periodontist is an expert in treating diseases related to the gums. They can use physical remedies such as scraping or smoothing to treat a case of gum disease or periodontitis.
In more urgent cases, they may also perform surgery to treat infected or damaged teeth. When the gums start to wear out, plaque and bacteria that cause cavities can get under the gums and cause inflammation. This can eventually lead to bone loss around the jaw and teeth. Pediatric dentists are similar to general dentists in that they offer a wide range of dental services and treatment options.
However, they are specially trained to address the specific needs and oral health of children and adolescents, such as fluoride treatments and dental sealants.